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¿Democratiza el sorteo la democracia? Cómo la democracia deliberativa ha despolitizado una propuesta radical

Abstract : Random selection grand come-back in politics in the last forty years is partly due to its incorporation by the theories of deliberative democracy, that have made of randomly selected devices the central forums of deliberation. This integration was, however, far from being self-evident. It stemmed from the scientific trajectory of its proponents and from parallel trends in the political field. Despite, the fresh air random selection brings to representative government, its scientific promotion has not necessarily meant a democratization of democracy however. While such experiments have demonstrated the deliberative capacities of ordinary citizens, they have only exceptionally increased their power in decision-making processes. The focus put by research on the analysis of deliberative dynamics within randomly selected devices has therefore been harshly criticized by some deliberativists who reclaim a needed come back to Habermas’ initial inspiration of a greater deliberation in the public sphere rather than confined in mini-publics. This systemic turn has marginalized random selection within the most recent deliberative theories. After tracing back this intellectual path, I sketch some arguments about the way random selection could rekindle the critical spirit of deliberative theory, mainly through its oppositional use by social movement.
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Julien Talpin. ¿Democratiza el sorteo la democracia? Cómo la democracia deliberativa ha despolitizado una propuesta radical. Daimon, Revista Internacional de Filosofía, Departamento de Filosofía de la Universidad de Murcia, 2017, pp.187-203. ⟨10.6018/daimon/295911⟩. ⟨halshs-01672467⟩



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