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Multidrug resistance dissemination in Escherichia coli Isolated from wild animals: bacterial clones and plasmid complicity

Abstract : Objectives. Epidemiological data concerning third-generation cephalosporin (3GC) resistance in wild fauna are scarce. The aim of this study was to characterize the resistance genes, their genetic context, and clonal relatedness in 17 Escherichia coli resistant to 3GC isolated from wild animals. Methods. The isolates were characterized by short-read whole genome sequencing, and long-read sequencing was used for the hybrid assembly of plasmid sequences. Results. The 3GC resistance gene most identified in the isolates was the extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL)-encoding gene blaCTX-M-1 (82.3%), followed by blaCTX-M-32 (5.9%), blaCTX-M-14 (5.9%), and blaSHV-12 (5.9%). E. coli isolates mainly belonged to the sequence types (STs) rarely reported from humans. The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based typing showed that most E. coli genomes from wild animals (wild boars, birds of prey, and buzzards) formed clonal clusters (<5 SNPs), showing a clonal dissemination crossing species boundaries. blaCTX-M-1-harboring IncI1-ST3 plasmid was the predominant ESBL-encoding plasmid (76.4%) in wild animal isolates. Plasmid comparison revealed a 110-kb self-transferable plasmid consisting of a conserved backbone and two variable regions involved in antimicrobial resistance and in interaction with recipient cells during conjugation. Conclusion. Our results highlighted the unexpected clonal dissemination of blaCTX-M-1-encoding clones and the complicity of IncI1-ST3 plasmid in the spread of blaCTX-M-1 within wild fauna.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03301763
Contributor : Christine Molé <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 27, 2021 - 4:06:14 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 3:44:38 PM

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Carolina Sabença, Gilberto Igrejas, Patrícia Poeta, Frédéric Robin, Richard Bonnet, et al.. Multidrug resistance dissemination in Escherichia coli Isolated from wild animals: bacterial clones and plasmid complicity. Microbiology Research, MDPI, 2021, 12 (1), pp.123-137. ⟨10.3390/microbiolres12010009⟩. ⟨hal-03301763⟩

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