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Import Competition and U.S. Sentiment Toward China


We empirically examine how import competition affects sentiment toward China in local communities in the United States using a news-based index for sentiment. Results are threefold. First; U.S. sentiment toward China peaked in 2007 before turning negative. Second; communities more exposed to import competition from China have experienced a greater deterioration in sentiment. Third; the trade-induced U.S. sentiment toward China is broad-based; encompassing political; military; and national security issues. These findings suggest that competition over trade may have important geopolitical implications through sentiment of local communities.
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hal-04546270 , version 1 (15-04-2024)



  • HAL Id : hal-04546270 , version 1


Rabah Arezki, Ha Nguyen, Duong Trung Le, Hieu Nguyen. Import Competition and U.S. Sentiment Toward China. 2024. ⟨hal-04546270⟩
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