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Face Presentation Attack Detection Using Deep Background Subtraction

Abstract : Currently, face recognition technology is the most widely used method for verifying an individual’s identity. Nevertheless, it has increased in popularity, raising concerns about face presentation attacks, in which a photo or video of an authorized person’s face is used to obtain access to services. Based on a combination of background subtraction (BS) and convolutional neural network(s) (CNN), as well as an ensemble of classifiers, we propose an efficient and more robust face presentation attack detection algorithm. This algorithm includes a fully connected (FC) classifier with a majority vote (MV) algorithm, which uses different face presentation attack instruments (e.g., printed photo and replayed video). By including a majority vote to determine whether the input video is genuine or not, the proposed method significantly enhances the performance of the face anti-spoofing (FAS) system. For evaluation, we considered the MSU MFSD, REPLAY-ATTACK, and CASIA-FASD databases. The obtained results are very interesting and are much better than those obtained by state-of-the-art methods. For instance, on the REPLAY-ATTACK database, we were able to attain a half-total error rate (HTER) of 0.62% and an equal error rate (EER) of 0.58%. We attained an EER of 0% on both the CASIA-FASD and the MSU MFSD databases.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03679760
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Submitted on : Friday, May 27, 2022 - 9:33:06 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 19, 2022 - 11:47:37 AM

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Azeddine Benlamoudi, Salah Eddine Bekhouche, Maarouf Korichi, Khaled Bensid, Abdeldjalil Ouahabi, et al.. Face Presentation Attack Detection Using Deep Background Subtraction. Sensors, MDPI, 2022, 22 (10), pp.3760. ⟨10.3390/s22103760⟩. ⟨hal-03679760⟩

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