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Article dans une revue

A new pharmacokinetic model for 90 Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan based on 3-dimensional dosimetry

Abstract : Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are key components in several therapies for cancer and inflammatory diseases but current knowledge of their clinical pharmacokinetics and distribution in human tissues remains incomplete. Consequently, optimal dosing and scheduling in clinics are affected. With sequential radiolabeled mAb-based imaging, radiation dosing in tissues/organs can be calculated to provide a better assessment of mAb concentrations in tissues. This is the first pharmacokinetic model of 90Y-Ibritumomab tiuxetan (90Y-IT) in humans to be described, based on three-dimensional (3D) dosimetry using single-photon emission computed-tomography coupled with computed-tomography. 19 patients with follicular lymphoma were treated initially with 90Y-IT in the FIZZ trial. Based on a compartmental approach individualising the vascular compartment within studied organs, this study proposes a reliable pharmacokinetic (PK) five-compartment model replacing the currently used two-compartment model and constitutes a new direction for further research. This model provides exchange constants between the different tissues, Area Under the Curve of 111In-IT in blood (AUC) and Mean Residence Time (MRT) that have not been reported so far for IT. Finally, the elimination process appears to occur in a compartment other than the liver or the spleen and suggests the metabolism of mAbs may take place mainly on the vascular compartment level.
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Soumis le : lundi 7 juin 2021 - 12:02:38
Dernière modification le : mercredi 6 octobre 2021 - 09:40:02


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Franck Morschhauser, Berengere Dekyndt, Clio Baillet, Christine Barthelemy, E Malek, et al.. A new pharmacokinetic model for 90 Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan based on 3-dimensional dosimetry. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2018, Scientific Reports, 8, pp.14860. ⟨10.1038/s41598-018-33160-0⟩. ⟨hal-02148590⟩



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