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Digital RF Transmitter With Single-Bit $\Delta\Sigma$ M-Driven Switched-Capacitor RF DAC and Embedded Band Filter in 28-nm FD-SOI

Abstract : This paper presents a single-bit RF transmitter based on single-bit switched-capacitor RF digital-to-analog converters (DACs) embedded in an finite-impulse response (FIR) filter (FIR-DACs). The transmitter system comprises a single-bit quadrature delta-sigma modulator (M), a digital mixer, and a 109-tap RF FIR-DAC stage with a single external inductor, combining D-A conversion with discrete-and continuous-time filtering. The on-chip part of the FIR-DAC is built exclusively with CMOS inverters and metal-oxide-metal capacitors, which are implemented in the interconnect layers to propose a compact fully digital solution, suitable for advanced CMOS nodes. A method for canceling redundant switching in the FIR-DAC is proposed to reduce its complexity and power consumption. Combining discrete-and continuous-time filtering, the out-of-band quantization noise of the 1-bit RF signal is strongly attenuated below the level required by emission masks. The RF FIR-DAC prototype is implemented in a 28-nm FD-SOI CMOS technology with ten metal layers and occupies a total active area of only 0.047 mm 2. The overall power consumption is 38 mW at 4.6-dBm peak output power, 900-MHz carrier frequency, and 1-V supply. FD-SOI body bias V t tuning is used to effectively correct mixing clock duty-cycle errors in order to perform precise high-frequency I/Q interleaving, which enables high image and local oscillator rejections. The resulting power consumption, surface, and performance of the measured prototype make the proposed circuits and concepts particularly appropriate for use in emerging Internet of Things (IoT) applications. Index Terms-28-nm FD-SOI, all-digital transmitter, body bias, delta-sigma modulation (M), finite-impulse response filter (FIR), finite-impulse response digital-to-analog converter (FIR-DAC), switched-capacitor (SC) DAC.
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Soumis le : dimanche 20 octobre 2019 - 14:12:28
Dernière modification le : vendredi 8 mai 2020 - 14:52:09
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Razvan-Cristian Marin, Antoine Frappé, Bruno Stefanelli, Philippe Cathelin, Andreia Cathelin, et al.. Digital RF Transmitter With Single-Bit $\Delta\Sigma$ M-Driven Switched-Capacitor RF DAC and Embedded Band Filter in 28-nm FD-SOI. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2019, 67 (7), pp.3200-3209. ⟨10.1109/TMTT.2019.2897929⟩. ⟨hal-02314498⟩

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