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Article Dans Une Revue L'Encéphale Année : 2017

Clinical characteristics among forensic inpatients: A special case, the establishment of social defense "Les Marronniers" in Tournai (Belgium)

Résumé

In Belgium, the law of "social defense" stipulates that an accused "which is either in a state of dementia or in a serious state of mental disturbance or mental deficiency, incapable of controlling his actions" can be interned. The establishment of social defense (ESD) in Tournai (Belgium) hosts 350 inmates. OBJECTIVES: In collaboration with the Centre for research in social defense, we organized a systematic assessment of patients interned in ESD. This is the first study evaluating prospectively this population. METHODS: Of the total, 229 patients signed informed consent. Different scales of assessment (MINI, WAIS-III, SCID II) were used. Descriptive analyzes were applied (SPSS version 12). RESULTS: We show that 48.8 % of our participants had committed a sexual offense (rape or attempted rape, indecent assault, public outrage or mixed). The average intelligence quotient is 71.4. According to the MINI, 33.2 % of participants showed no psychiatric disorder. Among psychiatric disorders, psychotic disorders are the most represented (37.4 %). According to the SCID, personality disorders were absent in 26.8 % of our participants. Most of the axis II disorders are represented personality disorders related to cluster B (57.3 %) mainly with antisocial personality disorder (37.9 %). CONCLUSION: These data demonstrate the significant heterogeneity of our sample and the need for the establishment of specific care routes to each subpopulation.
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Dates et versions

hal-02391840 , version 1 (03-12-2019)

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P. Oswald, Xavier Saloppé, Claire Ducro, D. Macquet, T.-H. Pham, et al.. Clinical characteristics among forensic inpatients: A special case, the establishment of social defense "Les Marronniers" in Tournai (Belgium). L'Encéphale, 2017, L'Encéphale, 43 (3), pp.229-234. ⟨10.1016/j.encep.2015.10.002⟩. ⟨hal-02391840⟩
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