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Chemical modification of coating of Pinus halepensis pollen by ozone exposure

Abstract : Pollen coating, located on the exine, includes an extractible lipid fraction. The modification of the pollen coating by air pollutants may have implications on the interactions of pollen with plant stigmas and human cells. Pinus halepensis pollen was exposed to ozone in vitro and the pollen coating was extracted with organic solvent and analyzed by GC-MS. Ozone has induced chemical changes in the coating as observed with an increase in dicarboxylic acids, short-chain fatty acids and aldehydes. 4-Hydroxybenzaldehyde was identified as the main reaction product and its formation was shown to occur both on native pollen and on defatted pollen. 4-Hydroxybenzaldehyde is very likely formed via the ozonolysis of acid coumaric-like monomers constitutive of the sporopollenin. Modification of pollen coating by air pollutants should be accounted for in further studies on effect of pollution on germination and on allergenicity.
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Oumsaad Naas, Maxence Mendez, Melesio Quijada, Sylvie Gosselin, Jinane Farah, et al.. Chemical modification of coating of Pinus halepensis pollen by ozone exposure. Environmental Pollution, 2016, Environmental Pollution, 214, pp.816-821. ⟨10.1016/j.envpol.2016.04.076⟩. ⟨hal-02507336⟩



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