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The effects of instructions on the sensitivity of negatively reinforced human behavior to extinction

Abstract : The effects of instructions on the sensitivity of negatively reinforced (escape) behavior to extinction were studied. Initially, responding produced timeouts from pressing a force cell on a variable-ratio (VR) schedule, which was then discontinued (extinction). Based on extinction data, participants were distributed into two groups. Participants in the Extinction Group (for which response rates were low in extinction) were instructed that the experimenter expected them to continue responding in extinction after a second exposure to the VR schedule. Participants in the Persistence group (for which response rates were high in extinction) were instructed that the experimenter expected them to stop responding in extinction. Relative to the condition in which instructions were absent, extinction-response rates increased and decreased, respectively, for participants in the Persistence and Extinction groups. These results replicate and extend to negatively reinforced responding previous findings that showed behavioral control by instructions formulated as explicit experimenter demands or expectations.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-02525700
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Soumis le : mercredi 1 avril 2020 - 15:48:49
Dernière modification le : mardi 3 novembre 2020 - 10:26:02

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Jerome Alessandri, Carlos R.X. Cançado. The effects of instructions on the sensitivity of negatively reinforced human behavior to extinction. Behavioural Processes, Elsevier, 2017, Behavioural Processes, 56, pp.50-53. ⟨10.1016/j.beproc.2017.01.009⟩. ⟨hal-02525700⟩

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