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Article dans une revue

Interaction between eye and body movements to perform visual tasks in upright stance.

Abstract : Synergistic interactions between visual and postural behaviors were observed in a previous study during a precise visual task (search for a specific target in a picture) performed upright as steady as possible. The goal of the present study was to confirm and extend these novel findings in a more ecological condition with no steadiness requirement. Twelve healthy young adults performed two visual tasks, i.e. a precise task and a control task (free-viewing). Center of pressure, lower back, neck, head and eye movements were recorded during each task. The subjective cognitive workload was assessed after each task (NASA-TLX questionnaire). Pearson correlations and cross-correlations between eyes (time-series, characteristics of fixation) and center of pressure/body movements were used to test the synergistic model. As expected, significant negative Pearson correlations between eye and head-neck movement variables were only observed in searching. They indicated that larger precise gaze shifts were correlated with lower head and neck movements. One cross-correlation coefficient (between COP on the AP axis and eyes in the up/down direction) was also significantly higher, i.e. stronger, in searching than in free-viewing. These synergistic interactions likely required greater cognitive demand as indicated by the greater NASA-TLX score in searching. Moreover, the previous Pearson correlations were no longer significant after controlling for the NASA-TLX global score (thanks to partial correlations). This study provides new evidence of the existence of a synergistic process between visual and postural behaviors during visual search tasks.
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Soumis le : mercredi 1 avril 2020 - 15:13:21
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Cédrick T. Bonnet, Tanguy Davin, Stéphane Baudry. Interaction between eye and body movements to perform visual tasks in upright stance.. Human movement science, 2019, Human movement science, 68, pp.102541. ⟨10.1016/j.humov.2012.05.001⟩. ⟨hal-02525724⟩



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