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Article Dans Une Revue Consciousness and Cognition Année : 2017

Phenomenological characteristics of autobiographical memory in Korsakoff's syndrome

Résumé

A body of research suggests compromise of autobiographical memory in Korsakoff's syndrome (KS). The present paper extends this literature by investigating the subjective experience of autobiographical recall in the syndrome. Patients with KS and controls were asked to retrieve autobiographical memories. After memory retrieval, participants were asked to rate phenomenological characteristics of their memories (i.e., reliving, back in time, remembering, realness, visual imagery, auditory imagery, language, emotion, rehearsal, importance, spatial recall and temporal recall). Analysis showed lower "Mean Phenomenological Experience" in the Korsakoff patients than in controls. However, the Korsakoff patients attributed relatively high emotional value and importance to their memories. Although our findings suggest compromised phenomenological reliving of autobiographical memory in patients with KS, affective characteristics such as emotion and importance are likely to play a main role in the subjective experience of the past in these patients.
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Dates et versions

hal-02534517 , version 1 (07-04-2020)

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Mohamad El Haj, Jean-Louis Nandrino. Phenomenological characteristics of autobiographical memory in Korsakoff's syndrome. Consciousness and Cognition, 2017, Consciousness and Cognition, 55, pp.188-196. ⟨10.1016/j.concog.2017.08.011⟩. ⟨hal-02534517⟩
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