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Article Dans Une Revue Small Methods Année : 2020

Direct Nano‐Synthesis Methods Notably Benefit Mg‐Battery Cathode Performance


Rechargeable magnesium batteries are promising candidates for next-generation electrochemical energy storage, but their development is severely hindered by sluggish solid-state diffusion and significant desolvation penalties of the divalent cation. Studies suggest that nano-sized electrode materials alleviate these issues by shortening diffusion lengths and increasing electrode/electrolyte interaction. Here, the effect of particle size and synthetic methodology on the electrochemical performance of four sulfide cathode materials in Mg batteries is investigated: layered TiS2, CuS, spinel Ti2S4, and CuCo2S4. In these sulfide hosts, the direct preparation of nano-dimensional crystallites is critical to activate or improve electrochemistry. Even promising cathode materials can appear electrochemically inert when micron-sized particles are investigated (e.g., CuCo2S4), and mechanical milling leads to surface degradation of active material which severely limits performance. However, nano-sized CuCo2S4 prepared directly reaches a capacity nearly double that of ball-milled material and delivers 350 mAh g−1 at 60 °C. This work provides synthetic considerations which may be crucial in the discovery and design of novel Mg cathode materials, so that promising candidates are not overlooked. By extension, in oxide materials where Mg2+ diffusion is expected to be much more sluggish, this factor is anticipated to be even more important when screening for new hosts.
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Dates et versions

hal-02537902 , version 1 (05-01-2021)



Lauren E. Blanc, Xiaoqi Sun, Abhinandan Shyamsunder, Victor Duffort, Linda F. Nazar. Direct Nano‐Synthesis Methods Notably Benefit Mg‐Battery Cathode Performance. Small Methods, 2020, Small Methods, pp.2000029. ⟨10.1002/smtd.202000029⟩. ⟨hal-02537902⟩
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