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Article Dans Une Revue Psychologie Française Année : 2020

Version française de la Relationship Specific Experience in Close Relationships scale (RS-ECR)

Résumé

A good daily social functioning depends on the fact that the individuals can find and maintain proximity, contacts, and real interactions with others, that is, the individuals can be provided with a sense of both physical and psychological security. This is adult attachment (e.g., Hazan & Diamond, 2000). Mizrahi et al.(2016) published a study whose aim was to explore the links beteen sexuality and specific attachment strategies within young couples. To this end, the authors adapted the brief version proposed by Mikulincer and Florian (2000) of the Experience in Close Relationships Scale (Brennan, Clark, & Shaver, 1998) – the Relationship Specific Experience in Close Relationships scale – in order to reflect the way the individuals are attached to their actual romantic partner. No such a tool exists for French native speakers. The present study is thus an attempt to propose a French version of this brief scale addressed to couple relationships. The participants were the partners of 115 heterosexual couples (n = 230) whose couple duration varied from 1 to 54 years (M = 15.83, ET = 13.85). They filled out a translated version of Mizrahi et al. (2016)’s Relationship Specific Experience in Close Relationships Scale which is a self-report questionnaire including 16 items. These items are designed in such away that half enable to evaluate anxious attachment strategies and half enable to evaluate avoidant attachment strategies vis-à-vis the partner. The factorial structure (two factors: anxious attachment strategy and avoidant attachment strategy) as well as the Cronbach’s alphas are generally satisfying for the items of this version and are similar to those observed by Mizrahi et al. (2016). The same thing is true for the scores of women and men. Nevertheless, the results also show the weakness of several items or mixed saturations. These limitations are discussed. Generally, the use of this French version to rate the attachment strategies of romantic partners is discussed in terms of its relevance for the evaluation of the consequences of specific attachment strategies on diverse couples’ issues such as their dyadic adjustment, intimacy, or dyadic coping.
Un fonctionnement harmonieux dans les interactions sociales dépend de la qualité des relations à autrui, telles que les stratégies d’attachement impliquant proximité, intimité et sentiment de sécurité. Les relations de couple étant centrales dans les interactions de l’individu adulte, l’identification des stratégies d’attachement spécifique au/à la partenaire pourrait être un enjeu majeur pour les thérapeutes et les chercheurs. Cette étude propose une version franc¸ aise de l’échelle courte et spécifique aux relations de couple, la Relationship Specific Experience in Close Relatioships scale, employée par Mizrahi et al. (2016). Les résultats ont été obtenus auprès des conjoints de 115 couples hétérosexuels franc¸ ais(n = 230). La structure factorielle en deux dimensions (anxiété d’attachement et évitement d’attachement) et les indices de fidélité sont satisfaisants et conformes à ceux de la version initiale. Cette échelle peut s’avérer un outil pertinent pour évaluer les stratégies d’attachement entre partenaires de couples et leurs conséquences sur les niveaux d’ajustement dyadique ou sur la mise en oeuvre d’un coping commun.
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Dates et versions

hal-03060567 , version 1 (14-12-2020)

Identifiants

Citer

Gérald Delelis, R. Kubiak, Karyn Doba. Version française de la Relationship Specific Experience in Close Relationships scale (RS-ECR). Psychologie Française, 2020, Psychologie Française, 65 (4), pp.353-363. ⟨10.1016/j.psfr.2019.05.002⟩. ⟨hal-03060567⟩
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