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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Personalized Medicine Année : 2021

Definition of Personalized Medicine and Targeted Therapies: Does Medical Familiarity Matter?

Résumé

Personalized medicine (PM) is increasingly becoming a topic of discussion in public health policies and media. However, there is no consensus among definitions of PM in the scientific literature and the terms used to designate it, with some definitions emphasizing patient-centered aspects and others emphasizing biomedical aspects. Furthermore, terms used to refer to PM (e.g., “pharmacogenomics” or, more often, “targeted therapies”) are diverse and differently used. To our knowledge, no study has apprehended the differences of definition and attitudes toward personalized medicine and targeted therapies according to level of familiarity with the medical field. Our cohort included 349 French students from three different academic fields, which modulated their familiarity level with the medical field. They were asked to associate words either to “personalized medicine” or “target therapies”. Then, they were asked to give an emotional valence to their associations. Results showed that nonfamiliar students perceived PM as more positive than targeted therapies (TT), whereas familiar students showed no difference. Only familiar students defined PM and TT with technical aspects such as genetics or immunology. Further studies are needed in the field in order to determine which other factors could influence the definitions of PM and TT and determine how these definitions could have an impact in a clinical setting.
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Dates et versions

hal-03195949 , version 1 (12-04-2021)
hal-03195949 , version 2 (13-04-2024)

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Valentyn Fournier, Thomas Prebet, Alexandra Dormal, Maïté Brunel, Robin Cremer, et al.. Definition of Personalized Medicine and Targeted Therapies: Does Medical Familiarity Matter?. Journal of Personalized Medicine, 2021, Journal of Personalized Medicine, 11 (1), pp.26. ⟨10.3390/jpm11010026⟩. ⟨hal-03195949v2⟩
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