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Effect of post-weld heat treatment onthermal diffusivity in UNS S32304 duplexstainless steel welds

Abstract : Purpose: The thermal diffusivity variation of UNS S32304 duplex stainless steel welds was studied after pulsed GTA welding autogenous process without filler addition. This property was measured in the transverse section of thin plates after welding process and post-heat treated at 750°C for 8 h followed by air-cooling. Design/methodology/approach: The present work reports measurements of thermal diffusivity using the laser-flash method. The thermal cycles of welding were acquired during welding by means of k-type thermocouples in regions near the weld joint. The used shielding gas was pure argon and 98% argon plus 2% of nitrogen. The temperature profiles were obtained using a digital data acquisition system. Findings: It was found an increase of thermal diffusivity after welding process and a decrease of these values after the heat treatment regarding the solidified weld pool zone, irrespective of the welding protection atmosphere. The microstructure was characterized and an increase of austenite phase in the solidified and heat-affected zones was observed for post-weld heat-treated samples. Research limitations/implications: It suggests more investigation and new measurements about the influence of the shielding gas variation on thermal diffusivity in the heat-affected zone. Practical implications: The nuclear industry, especially, requests alloys with high thermal stability in pipes for power generation systems and safe transportation equipment’s for radioactive material. Thus, the duplex stainless steel grades have improved this stability over standard grades and potentially increase the upper service temperature reliability of the equipment. Originality/value: After heat treatment, the welded plate with 98%Ar plus 2%N2 as shielding gas presented a thermal diffusivity closer to the as received sample. By means of 2%-nitrogen addition in shielding gas during GTAW welding of duplex stainless steel may facilitate austenite phase reformation, and then promotes stability on the thermal diffusivity of duplex stainless steels alloys.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-03197058
Contributeur : Lilloa Université de Lille <>
Soumis le : mardi 13 avril 2021 - 14:32:49
Dernière modification le : mercredi 14 avril 2021 - 03:34:49

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Evandro Giuseppe Betini, Cristiano Stefano Mucsi, Temistocles de Sousa Luz, Marco T.D. Orlando, Marie-Noëlle Avettand-Fènoël, et al.. Effect of post-weld heat treatment onthermal diffusivity in UNS S32304 duplexstainless steel welds. Archives of Materials Science and Engineering, 2017, Archives of Materials Science and Engineering, 88 (2), pp.49-58. ⟨10.5604/01.3001.0010.8039⟩. ⟨hal-03197058⟩

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