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Article Dans Une Revue Carbohydrate Polymers Année : 2021

Heteropolysaccharides from S. cerevisiae show anti-adhesive properties against E. coli associated with Crohn’s disease

Résumé

The Saccharomyces cerevisiae CNCM I-3856 was previously reported to strongly inhibit adherent-invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC) adhesion to intestinal epithelial cells in vitro and to favor AIEC elimination from the gut in a murine model of Crohn's disease in vivo. In order to identify which cell wall components of yeast are responsible for AIEC elimination, constituent polysaccharides of yeast were isolated and their anti-adhesive ability against AIEC adhesion in vitro was screened. A fraction containing mannan, β-glucan and α-glucan extracted from yeast cell-walls was shown to inhibit 95% of AIEC adhesion in vitro and was thus identified as the strongest anti-adhesive yeast cell wall component. Furthermore, this mannan-glucan-containing fraction was shown to accelerate AIEC decolonization from gut in vivo. This fraction could be proposed as a treatment to eliminate AIEC bacteria in patients with Crohn's disease, a microbial trigger of intestinal inflammation.
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Dates et versions

hal-03373401 , version 1 (12-10-2021)

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Adeline Sivignon, Shin-Yi Yu, Nathalie Ballet, Pascal Vandekerckove, Nicolas Barnich, et al.. Heteropolysaccharides from S. cerevisiae show anti-adhesive properties against E. coli associated with Crohn’s disease. Carbohydrate Polymers, In press, 271, pp.118415. ⟨10.1016/j.carbpol.2021.118415⟩. ⟨hal-03373401⟩
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