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Kaolinite-to-Chlorite Conversion from Si,Al-Rich Fluid-Origin Veins/Fe-Rich Carboniferous Shale Interaction

Abstract : The kaolinite-to-chlorite conversion is one of the chloritization processes that occurs in low temperature diagenetic and hydrothermal systems. The mechanism of this mineralogical transformation is still under discussion, since direct transformation, conversion via berthierine as intermediate phase or direct formation of berthierine/chlorite mix, either by dissolution-crystallization or by solid state transformation (or a combination of both), are all hypotheses put forward. In this context, each description of a kaolinite-to-chlorite conversion occurrence becomes an opportunity to shed new light and to renew this debate. Studying Carboniferous shale–crosscut by large quartz-kaolinite veins–from the mining basin of the North of France, we report therefore an uncommon kaolinite-Fe-rich chlorite assemblage. This assemblage appears as a chlorite fringe 20 µm wide along the interfaces between the shale and the quartz-kaolinite veins. All petrographical, mineralogical and chemical data suggest that the Fe-chlorite results from the interaction between the shale, providing the Fe,Mg supply, and the Si,Al-rich veins, leading to the chloritization of the kaolinite at a small scale via at least one dissolution-recrystallisation step. High-resolution observations highlight that neoformed Fe-rich chlorite contains some 7Å isochemical layers, as relict of berthierine. Therefore, we advance that the conversion takes place either through the precipitation of berthierine following by a second step involving solid state berthierine-chlorite conversion, or through the direct precipitation of a chlorite-rich/berthierine-poor mix driven by the Fe/(Fe + Mg) ratio, at low temperature and in reducing conditions. The comparison of our data with the recent literature allows to prefer the second hypothesis.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-03576732
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Soumis le : mercredi 16 février 2022 - 11:27:54
Dernière modification le : mardi 26 avril 2022 - 16:06:02

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Franck Bourdelle, Michel Dubois, Emily Lloret, Cyril Durand, Ahmed Addad, et al.. Kaolinite-to-Chlorite Conversion from Si,Al-Rich Fluid-Origin Veins/Fe-Rich Carboniferous Shale Interaction. Minerals, MDPI, 2021, Minerals, 11 (8), pp.804. ⟨10.3390/min11080804⟩. ⟨hal-03576732⟩

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