Specific Contribution of Quadriceps Muscle Strength, Endurance, and Power to Functional Exercise Capacity in People With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Multicenter Study. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Physical Therapy Année : 2021

Specific Contribution of Quadriceps Muscle Strength, Endurance, and Power to Functional Exercise Capacity in People With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Multicenter Study.

Résumé

Various functional muscle properties affect different aspects of functional exercise capacity in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The purpose of this study was to investigate the contribution of quadriceps muscle strength, endurance, and power to 6-Minute Walking Distance (6MWD) and 1-minute sit-to-stand test (1STS) performance in people with COPD. The study was a prospective, multicenter, cross-sectional study. Anthropometrics, Medical Research Council dyspnea scale, lung function, 6MWD, and 1STS number of repetitions were assessed. Isometric quadriceps strength and endurance, isotonic quadriceps endurance, isokinetic quadriceps strength, and power were assessed on a computerized dynamometer while functional quadriceps power was determined during 5 sit-to-stand repetitions. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the contribution of functional muscle properties to the 6MWD and the 1STS number of repetitions. The study included 70 people with COPD (mean % predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second = 58.9 [SD = 18.2]). The 6MWD correlated with each functional muscle property except the isometric quadriceps endurance. The number of repetitions during the 1STS correlated with each functional muscle property except isometric measurements. Multivariate models explained 60% and 39% of the variance in the 6MWD and 1STS number of repetitions, respectively, with quadriceps power determined during 5 sit-to-stand repetitions being the muscle functional property with the strongest contribution to the models. Except for isometric endurance, quadriceps strength, endurance, and power were associated with functional exercise capacity in people with moderate COPD. Among these functional muscle properties, muscle power contributed the most to the 6MWD and 1STS number of repetitions, suggesting that muscle power is more relevant to functional exercise capacity than muscle strength or endurance in people with COPD. Understanding the individual contribution of muscle properties to functional status is important to designing interventions. This study provides the guidance that muscle power may be more important to functional exercise capacity than muscle strength or endurance in people with COPD.

Dates et versions

hal-03617013 , version 1 (23-03-2022)

Identifiants

Citer

Sarah Gephine, Erik Frykholm, Andre Nyberg, Patrick Mucci, Hieronymus W H van Hees, et al.. Specific Contribution of Quadriceps Muscle Strength, Endurance, and Power to Functional Exercise Capacity in People With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Multicenter Study.. Physical Therapy, 2021, Physical Therapy, 101 (6), pzab052. ⟨10.1093/ptj/pzab052⟩. ⟨hal-03617013⟩
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