The inception of a hospital-based dental emergency department in a precarious region decreases the incidence of severe cellulitis of odontogenic origin. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Année : 2022

The inception of a hospital-based dental emergency department in a precarious region decreases the incidence of severe cellulitis of odontogenic origin.

Résumé

Introduction: Although most localized odontogenic infections can be managed successfully without complications, some can cause extensive morbidity through the onset of cervicofacial cellulitis. The management of these more severe infections generally requires emergency treatment, including surgical treatment under general anesthesia, and prolonged length of hospital stay. Material & Methods: In this work, we assessed the impact of the provision of a hospital-based dental emergency department on the regional incidence of severe odontogenic cellulitis in a socioeconomically precarious region. Monthly case rates of odontogenic cellulitis treated between January 2010 and December 2019 at the hospital-based dental emergency department of Lille Medical University Hospital were collected. Results: The mean number of monthly severe odontogenic cellulitis cases treated under general anesthesia was significantly higher before than after the inception of the hospital-based dental emergency service [14.07 (5.83) vs 8.79 (4.42); p<0.0001]. Conversely, the monthly mean number of collected odontogenic cellulitis cases treated under local anesthesia was significantly lower before the emergency service was set up [22.42 (12.73) vs 43.32 (23.41); p<0.0001]. Conclusion: The provision of a hospital-based dental emergency department resulted in a decrease in severe dental infections in a region with high indices of socioeconomic precarity, morbidity and mortality. Greater accessibility to dental care allows for the rationalization of care through more precocious and fewer burdensome procedures.

Dates et versions

hal-03990753 , version 1 (15-02-2023)

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Citer

Romain Nicot, Florent Barry, Gwénaël Raoul, Eric Wiel, Caroline Delfosse, et al.. The inception of a hospital-based dental emergency department in a precarious region decreases the incidence of severe cellulitis of odontogenic origin.. Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 2022, Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, ⟨10.1016/j.jormas.2022.05.018⟩. ⟨hal-03990753⟩

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