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Article Dans Une Revue ACS Omega Année : 2022

Fast Prediction of the Equivalent Alkane Carbon Number Using Graph Machines and Neural Networks.

Résumé

The hydrophobicity of oils is a key parameter to design surfactant/oil/water (SOW) macro-, micro-, or nano-dispersed systems with the desired features. This essential physicochemical characteristic is quantitatively expressed by the equivalent alkane carbon number (EACN) whose experimental determination is tedious since it requires knowledge of the phase behavior of the SOW systems at different temperatures and for different surfactant concentrations. In this work, two mathematical models are proposed for the rapid prediction of the EACN of oils. They have been designed using artificial intelligence (machine-learning) methods, namely, neural networks (NN) and graph machines (GM). While the GM model is implemented from the SMILES codes of a 111-molecule training set of known EACN values, the NN model is fed with some σ-moment descriptors computed with the COSMOtherm software for the 111-molecule set. In a preliminary step, the leave-one-out algorithm is used to select, given the available data, the appropriate complexity of the two models. A comparison of the EACNs of liquids of a fresh set of 10 complex cosmetic and perfumery molecules shows that the two approaches provide comparable results in terms of accuracy and reliability. Finally, the NN and GM models are applied to nine series of homologous compounds, for which the GM model results are in better agreement with the experimental EACN trends than the NN model predictions. The results obtained by the GMs and by the NN based on σ-moments can be duplicated with the demonstration tool available for download as detailed in the Supporting Information.
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hal-04095834 , version 1 (12-05-2023)

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Lucie Delforce, F. Duprat, J. L. Ploix, Jesus Ontiveros Ontiveros, Valentin Goussard, et al.. Fast Prediction of the Equivalent Alkane Carbon Number Using Graph Machines and Neural Networks.. ACS Omega, 2022, Acs Omega, 7, pp.38869-38881. ⟨10.1021/acsomega.2c04592⟩. ⟨hal-04095834⟩
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