In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation of a Bio-Inspired Adhesive for Bone Fixation. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Pharmaceutics Année : 2023

In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation of a Bio-Inspired Adhesive for Bone Fixation.


Compared to metallic hardware, an effective bone adhesive can revolutionize the treatment of clinically challenging situations such as comminuted, articular, and pediatric fractures. The present study aims to develop such a bio-inspired bone adhesive, based upon a modified mineral-organic adhesive with tetracalcium phosphate (TTCP) and phosphoserine (OPS) by incorporating nanoparticles of polydopamine (nPDA). The optimal formulation, which was screened using in vitro instrumental tensile adhesion tests, was found to be 50%molTTCP/50%molOPS-2%wtnPDA with a liquid-to-powder ratio of 0.21 mL/g. This adhesive has a substantially stronger adhesive strength (1.0–1.6 MPa) to bovine cortical bone than the adhesive without nPDA (0.5–0.6 MPa). To simulate a clinical scenario of autograft fixation under low mechanical load, we presented the first in vivo model: a rat fibula glued to the tibia, on which the TTCP/OPS-nPDA adhesive (n = 7) was shown to be effective in stabilizing the graft without displacement (a clinical success rate of 86% and 71% at 5 and 12 weeks, respectively) compared to a sham control (0%). Significant coverage of newly formed bone was particularly observed on the surface of the adhesive, thanks to the osteoinductive property of nPDA. To conclude, the TTCP/OPS-nPDA adhesive fulfilled many clinical requirements for the bone fixation, and potentially could be functionalized via nPDA to offer more biological activities, e.g., anti-infection after antibiotic loading.


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hal-04099690 , version 1 (17-05-2023)




Matthias Schlund, Julien Dartus, Sarah Defrancois, Joel Ferri, Jérôme Delattre, et al.. In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation of a Bio-Inspired Adhesive for Bone Fixation.. Pharmaceutics, 2023, Pharmaceutics, 15 (4), pp.1233. ⟨10.3390/pharmaceutics15041233⟩. ⟨hal-04099690⟩
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