Metal ion release after hip resurfacing arthroplasty and knee arthroplasty: a retrospective study of one hundred ninety-five cases. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue International Orthopaedics Année : 2023

Metal ion release after hip resurfacing arthroplasty and knee arthroplasty: a retrospective study of one hundred ninety-five cases.

Résumé

Purpose Hip arthroplasty with metal-on-metal bearings like hip resurfacing results in the release of metallic ions. In parallel, like every metallic implant, knee arthroplasty implants undergo passive corrosion. We analyzed blood levels of cobalt and chromium ions in patients who have a hip resurfacing arthroplasty and compared them to patients who have undergone knee arthroplasty at a minimum follow-up of one year. The hypothesis was that there is no difference in the ion release between hip resurfacing and knee arthroplasty. Methods Sixty-three patients who underwent knee arthroplasty were compared to a cohort of 132 patients who underwent hip resurfacing. The blood levels of cobalt and chromium ions were determined preoperatively and at six and 12 months postoperatively and then compared between groups. We analyzed the relationship between ion release and the change in clinical outcome scores (Harris Hip score, Oxford Hip score, Merle D’Aubigné Postel score, Oxford Knee score, International Knee Society score), the BMI, sex, physical activity, implant size and inclination of the acetabular implant (hip resurfacing patients only). Mixed linear models were used to assess the changes in ion blood levels over time. Results The cobalt blood levels were higher in the first 6 months in the resurfacing group (0.87 ug/L vs 0.67 ug/L; p = 0.011), while it was higher in the knee arthroplasty group at 12 months (1.20 ug/L vs 1.41 ug/L; p = 0.0008). There were no significant differences in chromium levels during the follow-up period. Conclusion The increase in metal ion release after knee arthroplasty is as high as after hip resurfacing at the one year follow-up. The monitoring of this parameter probably should not be recommended in case of good clinicals outcomes.
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Dates et versions

hal-04313163 , version 1 (29-11-2023)

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Citer

S. Lukas, P. Martinot, S. Putman, A. Lons, E. Drumez, et al.. Metal ion release after hip resurfacing arthroplasty and knee arthroplasty: a retrospective study of one hundred ninety-five cases.. International Orthopaedics, 2023, International Orthopaedics, ⟨10.1007/s00264-023-05915-6⟩. ⟨hal-04313163⟩
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