Identification of a morning out-of-hospital cardiac arrest cluster of high-incidence: towards a chrono-preventive care strategy. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice Année : 2020

Identification of a morning out-of-hospital cardiac arrest cluster of high-incidence: towards a chrono-preventive care strategy.

Résumé

Rationale, aims, and objectives The human body is regulated by intrinsic factors which follow a 24-hour biological clock. Implications of a circadian rhythm in the out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are studied but the literature is not consistent. The main objective of our study was to identify temporal cluster of high or low incidence of OHCA occurrence during a day. Methods Multicentre comparative study based on the French national OHCA registry data between 2013 and 2017. After describing the population, the detection of significant temporal clusters of OHCA incidence was achieved using temporal scan statistics based on a Poisson model adjusted for age and gender. Then, comparisons between identified patients clusters and the rest of the population were performed. Results During the study, 37 163 medical OHCA victims were included. The temporal scan revealed a significant 3-hour high incidence temporal cluster between 8:00 am and 10:59 am (Relative R = 1.76, P < .001). In the identified cluster, OHCA occurred more out of the home with fewer witnesses, and advanced life support was less attempted in the cluster. No difference was observed on the return of spontaneous circulation, survival at hospital admission, and survival 30 days after the OHCA or at hospital discharge. Conclusions We observed a three-hour morning high incidence peak of OHCA. This high incidence could be explained by different physiological changes in the morning. These changes are well known and the evidence of a morning peak of cardiovascular disease should enable medical teams to adapt care strategy and hospital organization.
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Dates et versions

hal-04342038 , version 1 (13-12-2023)

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Valentine Canon, Christian Vilhelm, Josephine Escutnaire, Jean-Baptiste Marc, Eric Wiel, et al.. Identification of a morning out-of-hospital cardiac arrest cluster of high-incidence: towards a chrono-preventive care strategy.. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 2020, Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, pp.84-92. ⟨10.1111/jep.13390⟩. ⟨hal-04342038⟩
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