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Communication Dans Un Congrès Année : 2021

Impairment of recognition of facial expressions in different types of dementia

Bahar Güntekin
  • Fonction : Auteur
Ebru Yıldırım
  • Fonction : Auteur
İlayda Kıyı
  • Fonction : Auteur
Tuba Akturk
  • Fonction : Auteur
Pervin Calısoglu
  • Fonction : Auteur
Hakan Uzunlar
  • Fonction : Auteur
Harun Yirikogullari
  • Fonction : Auteur
Nesrin Helvacı‐yılmaz
  • Fonction : Auteur
Zubeyir Bayraktaroglu
  • Fonction : Auteur
Lutfu Hanoğlu
  • Fonction : Auteur
Gorsev Yener
  • Fonction : Auteur


BackgroundImpairment of facial expression recognition in dementia is one of the cognitive deficits that could affect the social life of dementia patients. The severity of the facial expression recognition in different types of dementia has not been fully addressed. Previous studies showed that EEG event‐related oscillation (ERO) studies could reveal the brain dynamics during successful facial expression recognition. Furthermore, the impairment of facial recognition in Alzheimer's disease patients were represented with abnormal EROs (Güntekin et al., 2019). The present study aims to compare the impaired facial expression recognition between different types of dementia by analysis of event‐related delta responses. The role of delta responses in facial expression and emotional paradigms was reported previously by several researchers (Güntekin and Başar, 2014).Method25 Healthy elderly controls (HC), 25 Mild Cognitive Impairment patients (MCI), 25 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), 15 patients with Parkinson's disease with Mild Cognitive Impairment (PDMCI) and 16 patients with Parkinson's disease Dementia (PDD) were included in the study. The electroencephalographic activity was recorded during the perception of the facial expression recognition task (Angry, Happy, Neutral). Delta power and phase‐locking were computed for each facial recognition stimuli and compared among the groups (ANOVA, p<0.05).ResultBoth delta power and delta phase locking were lower in dementia groups than healthy controls being worst in PDD. Figure 1 shows the grand average of delta power in all groups for the right occipital location. PDD (p<0.0001) and AD (p<0.05) had lower delta power than the healthy controls, the reduction of delta responses in PDD and AD were especially found over occipital locations. MCI and PDMCI subjects were found less impaired facial expression recognition compared to AD and PDMCI.ConclusionThe present study showed that dementia patients had severe facial recognition deficits that increased cognitive impairment. Event‐related delta responses successfully showed the impaired recognition of facial expression in different types of dementia groups. Among all dementia subjects, PDD patients had the most reduced delta responses that could be an electrophysiological biomarker of impaired facial expression recognition. Acknowledgments: This work (grant number 218S314) was supported by TUBITAK. References: 1)
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Dates et versions

hal-04454940 , version 1 (13-02-2024)



Bahar Güntekin, Ebru Yıldırım, İlayda Kıyı, Tuba Akturk, Pervin Calısoglu, et al.. Impairment of recognition of facial expressions in different types of dementia. Alzheimer’s Association International Conference (AAIC), Jul 2021, Denver, United States. ⟨10.1002/alz.055432⟩. ⟨hal-04454940⟩
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