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Article Dans Une Revue European Journal of Pediatrics Année : 2021

Occurrence and severity of acute respiratory infections during the first year among very preterm infants: an Epipage-2 cohort analysis

M. L. Charkaluk
  • Fonction : Auteur
J. Rousseau
  • Fonction : Auteur
M. Dehouck-Vallois
  • Fonction : Auteur
P. H. Jarreau
  • Fonction : Auteur
L. Treluyer
  • Fonction : Auteur
P. Y. Ancel
  • Fonction : Auteur
H. Torchin

Résumé

This study aims to describe the incidence of acute respiratory infections (ARI) during the first year in infants born before 32 weeks’ gestation, and to analyze and study the risk factors as well as factors associated with oxygen requirement among infants with an ARI, in the palivizumab era. This study included 2571 infants from a nationwide French population–based cohort (Epipage 2). ARI at 1-year corrected age was identified by parental questionnaires. Risk and severity factors included those already known, and detailed information about neonatal morbidities. ARI occurred in 52.2% (n = 1349) of infants. Oxygen therapy was used in 33.2% (n = 391) of infants with an ARI. Risk factors for AII were male sex, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, presence of siblings at home, and childcare in the community together with incomplete treatment palivizumab. Mechanical ventilation in the neonatal period, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and discharge between October and March were associated with more frequent oxygen requirement. No other factors describing neonatal morbidities were associated with risk of ARI or oxygen requirement. Conclusion: ARIs are still very common during the first year of life of very preterm children, and oxygen therapy is frequently needed. Educational strategies are needed in all families with a very preterm infant.
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Dates et versions

hal-04458912 , version 1 (15-02-2024)

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Citer

M. L. Charkaluk, J. Rousseau, M. Dehouck-Vallois, P. H. Jarreau, Alexandra Nuytten, et al.. Occurrence and severity of acute respiratory infections during the first year among very preterm infants: an Epipage-2 cohort analysis. European Journal of Pediatrics, 2021, European Journal of Pediatrics, 180, p. 1833-1840. ⟨10.1007/s00431-021-03956-w⟩. ⟨hal-04458912⟩

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