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Article Dans Une Revue (Article De Synthèse) Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine Année : 2024

Nitrous oxide abuse direct measurement for diagnosis and follow-up: update on kinetics and impact on metabolic pathways.

Résumé

Recreational use of nitrous oxide (N2O) has become a major health issue worldwide, with a high number of clinical events, especially in neurology and cardiology. It is essential to be able to detect and monitor N2O abuse to provide effective care and follow-up to these patients. Current recommendations for detecting N2O in cases of recreational misuse and consumption markers are lacking. We aimed to update current knowledge through a review of the literature on N2O measurement and kinetics. We reviewed the outcomes of experiments, whether in preclinical models (in vitro or in vivo), or in humans, with the aim to identify biomarkers of intoxication as well as biomarkers of clinical severity, for laboratory use. Because N2O is eliminated 5 min after inhalation, measuring it in exhaled air is of no value. Many studies have found that urine and blood matrices concentrations are connected to ambient concentrations, but there is no similar data for direct exposure. There have been no studies on N2O measurement in direct consumers. Currently, patients actively abusing N2O are monitored using effect biomarkers (biomarkers related to the effects of N2O on metabolism), such as vitamin B12, homocysteine and methylmalonic acid.

Dates et versions

hal-04502095 , version 1 (13-03-2024)

Identifiants

Citer

A. Lucas, A. J. Noyce, E. Gernez, J. M. El Khoury, Guillaume Garçon, et al.. Nitrous oxide abuse direct measurement for diagnosis and follow-up: update on kinetics and impact on metabolic pathways.. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 2024, Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, ⟨10.1515/cclm-2023-1252⟩. ⟨hal-04502095⟩

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