Airway fibrin formation cascade in allergic asthma exacerbation: implications for inflammation and remodeling. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Clinical Proteomics Année : 2022

Airway fibrin formation cascade in allergic asthma exacerbation: implications for inflammation and remodeling.

Résumé

Airway remodeling in patients with asthma, which leads to a decline in pulmonary function, is likely the result of repeated exacerbations often provoked by aeroallergen exposures. Aeroallegen exposure triggers a stereotypic response orchestrated by growth factor cytokines and other protein mediators. This results in a late-phase allergic reaction characterized by vascular permeability, recruitment of activated leukocytes, and activation of structural cells of the airway. The spectrum of protein mediators and their functions are incompletely understood. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) samples were obtained from 12 volunteers who exhibited robust eosinophilic recruitment following segmental bronchial provocation with allergen (SBP-Ag). We systematically identified and quantified proteins in BALF using high-performance liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) followed by pathway analysis and correlations with airway physiology. Pairwise analysis of protein abundance in BALF pre- vs post-SBP-Ag revealed that 55 proteins were upregulated and 103 proteins were downregulated. We observed enrichment of groups of proteins mapping to hemostasis/fibrin clot, platelet activation, lipoprotein assembly, neutrophil degranulation proteins, and acute-phase inflammation-airway remodeling pathways. The abundances of F2 and Fibrinogen γ (FGG) correlated with eosinophil numbers, whereas SERPINA3 negatively correlated with change in FeNO. The coagulation proteins F2 and KNG negatively correlated with FN1 an index of airway remodeling. Interestingly, patients with lower FEV showed distinct allergen-induced patterns of 8 BALF proteins, including MUC1, alarmins (HSPB1), and actin polymerization factors. Protein abundance of the fibrin formation cascade, platelet activation and remodeling are associated with late-phase leukocyte numbers and markers of remodeling. Patients with lower FEV have distinct dynamic responses to allergen.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Airway fibrin formation cascade.pdf (5.19 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origine : Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte

Dates et versions

hal-04507252 , version 1 (16-03-2024)

Licence

Paternité

Identifiants

Citer

Yanlong Zhu, Stéphane Esnault, Ying Ge, Nizar N Jarjour, Allan R Brasier. Airway fibrin formation cascade in allergic asthma exacerbation: implications for inflammation and remodeling.. Clinical Proteomics, 2022, Clinical Proteomics, 19, pp.15. ⟨10.1186/s12014-022-09351-3⟩. ⟨hal-04507252⟩

Collections

UNIV-LILLE
0 Consultations
0 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More