Threshold for anterior acetabular component overhang correlated with symptomatic iliopsoas impingement after total hip arthroplasty. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue The Bone & Joint Journal (BJJ) Année : 2024

Threshold for anterior acetabular component overhang correlated with symptomatic iliopsoas impingement after total hip arthroplasty.

Résumé

Aims Mechanical impingement of the iliopsoas (IP) tendon accounts for 2% to 6% of persistent postoperative pain after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The most common initiator is anterior acetabular component protrusion, where the anterior margin is not covered by anterior acetabular wall. A CT scan can be used to identify and measure this overhang; however, no threshold exists for determining symptomatic anterior IP impingement due to overhang. A case-control study was conducted in which CT scan measurements were used to define a threshold that differentiates patients with IP impingement from asymptomatic patients after THA. Methods We analyzed the CT scans of 622 patients (758 THAs) between May 2011 and May 2020. From this population, we identified 136 patients with symptoms suggestive of IP impingement. Among them, six were subsequently excluded: three because the diagnosis was refuted intraoperatively, and three because they had another obvious cause of impingement, leaving 130 hips (130 patients) in the study (impingement) group. They were matched to a control group of 138 asymptomatic hips (138 patients) after THA. The anterior acetabular component overhang was measured on an axial CT slice based on anatomical landmarks (orthogonal to the pelvic axis). Results The impingement group had a median overhang of 8 mm (interquartile range (IQR) 5 to 11) versus 0 mm (IQR 0 to 4) for the control group (p < 0.001). Using receiver operating characteristic curves, an overhang threshold of 4 mm was best correlated with a diagnosis of impingement (sensitivity 79%, specificity 85%; positive predictive value 75%, negative predictive value 85%). Conclusion Pain after THA related to IP impingement can be reasonably linked to acetabular overhang if it exceeds 4 mm on a CT scan. Below this threshold, it seems logical to look for another cause of IP irritation or another reason for the pain after THA before concluding that impingement is present.
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Dates et versions

hal-04510719 , version 1 (19-03-2024)

Identifiants

Citer

Alexandre Baujard, Pierre Martinot, Xavier Demondion, Julien Dartus, P. A. Faure, et al.. Threshold for anterior acetabular component overhang correlated with symptomatic iliopsoas impingement after total hip arthroplasty.. The Bone & Joint Journal (BJJ), 2024, The Bone & Joint Journal (BJJ), 106-B, pp.97-103. ⟨10.1302/0301-620X.106B3.BJJ-2023-0782.R1⟩. ⟨hal-04510719⟩
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