Performance of DETECT PAH algorithm according to the hemodynamic definition of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in the 2022 ESC/ERS guidelines: Early detection of pulmonary arterial hypertension in systemic sclerosis patients. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Arthritis & rheumatology Année : 2023

Performance of DETECT PAH algorithm according to the hemodynamic definition of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in the 2022 ESC/ERS guidelines: Early detection of pulmonary arterial hypertension in systemic sclerosis patients.

Résumé

The evidence-based DETECT pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) algorithm is frequently used in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients to help clinicians screen for PAH by using non-invasive data to recommend patient referral to echocardiography, and if applicable, for a diagnostic right heart catheterization (RHC). However, the hemodynamic definition of PAH was recently updated in the 2022 ESC/ERS guidelines. The performance of DETECT PAH in identifying patients with a high risk of PAH according to this new definition was assessed. Methods In this post-hoc analysis of DETECT, which comprised 466 SSc patients the performance of the DETECT PAH algorithm in identifying patients with a high risk of PAH as defined in the 2022 ESC/ERS guidelines (mean pulmonary arterial pressure [mPAP] >20 mmHg, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure [PCWP] ≤15 mmHg, pulmonary vascular resistance [PVR] >2 Wood Units was assessed using summary statistics and was descriptively compared to the known performance of DETECT PAH as defined in 2014 when it was developed (mPAP ≥25 mmHg and PCWP ≤15 mmHg). Results The sensitivity of DETECT PAH in identifying patients with a high risk of PAH according to the 2022 ESC/ERS definition was lower (88.2%) compared to the 2014 definition (95.8%). Specificity improved from 47.8% to 50.8%. Conclusion The performance of the DETECT algorithm to screen for PAH in SSc patients is maintained when PAH is defined according to the 2022 ESC/ERS hemodynamic definition, indicating that DETECT remains applicable to screen for PAH in SSc patients.
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hal-04513257 , version 1 (20-03-2024)

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Oliver Distler, Diana Bonderman, J. Gerry Coghlan, Christopher P. Denton, Ekkehard Grünig, et al.. Performance of DETECT PAH algorithm according to the hemodynamic definition of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in the 2022 ESC/ERS guidelines: Early detection of pulmonary arterial hypertension in systemic sclerosis patients.. Arthritis & rheumatology, 2023, Arthritis & rheumatology, ⟨10.1002/art.42791⟩. ⟨hal-04513257⟩

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