A French study of cocaine intoxication/exposure in children (2010-2020). - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Clinical toxicology (Philadelphia, Pa.) Année : 2023

A French study of cocaine intoxication/exposure in children (2010-2020).

Aline Maleterre
  • Fonction : Auteur
Alexandra David
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Background and Objective In the European Union, the record of cocaine-related seizures indicates an expanding supply. The purity has also been increasing. The health impact of these trends remains poorly documented, in particular, the changes and clinical manifestations of intoxication in young children. We attempted to evaluate the trend in French pediatric admissions for cocaine intoxication/exposure over an 11-year period (2010–2020). Methods A retrospective, national, multicenter, study of a pediatric cohort. All children less than 15 years of age admitted to a tertiary-level pediatric emergency unit for proven cocaine intoxication (compatible symptoms and positive toxicological screening) during the reference period were included. Results Seventy-four children were included. Forty-six percent were less than 6 years old. Annual admissions increased by a factor of 8 over 11 years (+700%) and 57% of all cases were admitted in the last two years. The main clinical signs were neurologic (59%) followed by cardiovascular symptoms (34%). Twelve patients were transferred to the pediatric intensive care unit. Factors significantly associated with the risk of being transferred to the pediatric intensive care unit were initial admission to the pediatric resuscitation area (P < 0.001), respiratory impairment (P < 0.01), mydriasis (P < 0.01), cardiovascular symptoms (P = 0.014), age of less than 2 years (P = 0.014). Blood and/or urine toxicological screening isolated eighteen other substances besides cocaine in 46 children (66%). Conclusion Children are collateral victims of the changing trends in cocaine availability, use and purity. Admissions of intoxicated children to pediatric emergency departments are more frequent and there is an increase in severe presentations. Therefore, this is a growing public health concern.
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Dates et versions

hal-04526309 , version 1 (29-03-2024)

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Citer

Isabelle Claudet, Caroline Caula, Jean-Christophe Gallart, Gaëlle Tourniaire, Marion Lerouge-Bailhache, et al.. A French study of cocaine intoxication/exposure in children (2010-2020).. Clinical toxicology (Philadelphia, Pa.), 2023, Clinical toxicology (Philadelphia, Pa.), pp.1-9. ⟨10.1080/15563650.2023.2188143⟩. ⟨hal-04526309⟩

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