Relationship between immunosuppression and intensive care unit-acquired colonization and infection related to multidrug-resistant bacteria: a prospective multicenter cohort study. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Intensive Care Medicine Année : 2023

Relationship between immunosuppression and intensive care unit-acquired colonization and infection related to multidrug-resistant bacteria: a prospective multicenter cohort study.

Résumé

Purpose The impact of immunosuppression on intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired colonization and infection related to multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria (ICU-MDR-col and ICU-MDR-inf, respectively) is unknown. Methods We carried out an observational prospective cohort study in 8 ICUs in France (all with single-bed rooms and similar organizational characteristics). All consecutive patients with an ICU stay > 48 h were included, regardless of immune status, and followed for 28 days. Patients underwent systematic screening for colonization with MDR bacteria upon admission and every week subsequently. Immunosuppression was defined as active cancer or hematologic malignancy, neutropenia, solid-organ transplant, use of steroids or immunosuppressive drugs, human immunodeficiency virus infection and genetic. The primary endpoint was the incidence rate of a composite outcome including ICU-MDR-col and/or ICU-MDR-inf. Results 750 patients (65.9% males, median age 65 years) were included, among whom 264 (35.2%) were immunocompromised. Reasons for ICU admission, severity scores and exposure to invasive devices and antibiotics during ICU stay were comparable between groups. After adjustment for center and pre-specified baseline confounders, immunocompromised patients had a lower incidence rate of ICU-MDR-col and/or ICU-MDR-inf (adjusted incidence ratio 0.68, 95% CI 0.52–0.91). When considered separately, the difference was significant for ICU-MDR-col, but not for ICU-MDR-inf. The distribution of MDR bacteria was comparable between groups, with a majority of Enterobacteriacae resistant to third-generation cephalosporins (~ 74%). Conclusion Immunocompromised patients had a significantly lower incidence rate of a composite outcome including ICU-MDR-col and/or ICU-MDR-inf. This finding points to the role of contact precautions and isolation measures, and could have important implications on antibiotic stewardship in this population.
Fichier non déposé

Dates et versions

hal-04534412 , version 1 (05-04-2024)

Identifiants

Citer

Louis Kreitmann, Margot Vasseur, Sonia Jermoumi, Juliette Perche, Jean-Christophe Richard, et al.. Relationship between immunosuppression and intensive care unit-acquired colonization and infection related to multidrug-resistant bacteria: a prospective multicenter cohort study.. Intensive Care Medicine, 2023, Intensive Care Medicine, ⟨10.1007/s00134-022-06954-0⟩. ⟨hal-04534412⟩
9 Consultations
0 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More