Associations between fetal heart rate variability and umbilical cord occlusions-induced neural injury: An experimental study in a fetal sheep model. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica Année : 2022

Associations between fetal heart rate variability and umbilical cord occlusions-induced neural injury: An experimental study in a fetal sheep model.

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Introduction This study evaluated the association between fetal heart rate variability (HRV) and the occurrence of hypoxic–ischemic encephalopathy in a fetal sheep model. Material and methods The experimental protocol created a hypoxic condition with repeated cord occlusions in three phases (A, B, C) to achieve acidosis to pH <7.00. Hemodynamic, gasometric and HRV parameters were analyzed during the protocol, and the fetal brain, brainstem and spinal cord were assessed histopathologically 48 h later. Associations between the various parameters and neural injury were compared between phases A, B and C using Spearman's rho test. Results Acute anoxic–ischemic brain lesions in all regions was present in 7/9 fetuses, and specific neural injury was observed in 3/9 fetuses. The number of brainstem lesions correlated significantly and inversely with the HRV fetal stress index (r = −0.784; p = 0.021) in phase C and with HRV long-term variability (r = −0.677; p = 0.045) and short-term variability (r = −0.837; p = 0.005) in phase B. The number of neurological lesions did not correlate significantly with other markers of HRV. Conclusions Neural injury caused by severe hypoxia was associated with HRV changes; in particular, brainstem damage was associated with changes in fetal-specific HRV markers.
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hal-04536346 , version 1 (08-04-2024)

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Louise Ghesquière, Romain Perbet, Laure Lacan, Yasmine Ould Hamoud, Morgane Stichelbout, et al.. Associations between fetal heart rate variability and umbilical cord occlusions-induced neural injury: An experimental study in a fetal sheep model.. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 2022, Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 101, pp.758-770. ⟨10.1111/aogs.14352⟩. ⟨hal-04536346⟩

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