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Article Dans Une Revue Toxics Année : 2023

Plasma Methionine and Clinical Severity in Nitrous Oxide Consumption.

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In the last few years, there has been an increase in the recreational use of nitrous oxide (N2O), which can lead to neurological symptoms such as sensory or motor disorders. The literature links these symptoms to a functional inactivation of vitamin B12 by oxidation of its cobalt ion, which prevents the vitamin B12 from acting as a cofactor for methionine synthase. Thus, demyelination related to methionine deficiency could be responsible for the neurological disorders associated with N2O consumption, including the combined sclerosis of the spinal cord. We aimed to study the correlation between the plasma methionine levels and clinical severity observed in N2O users. We retrospectively collected clinical and biological data from 93 patients who chronically consumed N2O. The patients were divided into four groups based of the severity of their clinical symptoms (based on their Peripheral Neuropathy Disability (PND) score). The plasma amino acids measurement, including methionine, were performed systematically by liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Plasma methionine is significantly correlated with the clinical severity (Spearman coefficient: −0.42; p-value < 10−5), however, the average methionine level in the four groups is within the physiological values (N: 16–23 µmol/L). There is a significant inverse correlation between plasma methionine and homocysteine (Spearman coefficient: −0.57; p-value < 10−9), which confirms the action of nitrous oxide on the methionine synthase. A decrease in plasma methionine cannot be imputed as the only mechanism involved in the pathophysiology of the neurological disorders in nitrous oxide consumption. In addition, there are few therapeutic indications for the use of methionine. Thus, we should be careful concerning the potential use of methionine in nitrous oxide consumption. As a consequence, other pathophysiological mechanisms probably need to be identified in order to find potential therapeutic targets.
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hal-04550330 , version 1 (17-04-2024)

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Emeline Gernez, Sylvie Deheul, Celine Tard, Marie Joncquel, Claire Douillard, et al.. Plasma Methionine and Clinical Severity in Nitrous Oxide Consumption.. Toxics, 2023, Toxics, 11, ⟨10.3390/toxics11010012⟩. ⟨hal-04550330⟩

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