Hydrogen Emission and Macromolecular Radiation-Induced Defects in Polyethylene Irradiated under an Inert Atmosphere: The Role of Energy Transfers toward trans-Vinylene Unsaturations - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Physical Chemistry B Année : 2016

Hydrogen Emission and Macromolecular Radiation-Induced Defects in Polyethylene Irradiated under an Inert Atmosphere: The Role of Energy Transfers toward trans-Vinylene Unsaturations

Résumé

This article is aimed at studying the evolution of H2 release as well as radiation-induced defects in polyethylene (PE), as a function of the irradiation dose under anoxic conditions. We analyze the influence of the energy transfers and trapping toward radiation-induced defects on the evolution of the radiation chemical yields with dose. One key objective herein is to quantify the contribution of these transfers toward trans-vinylene (TV) on H2 emission. For this purpose, pure PE was irradiated in a large dose domain and H2 emission was compared to that in predoped PEs containing chemically inserted TV groups irradiated at low doses. In parallel, evolutions of the concentrations of the TV groups and minor defects (vinyl and trans–trans-diene) as a function of dose were considered. Moreover, measuring simultaneously H2 and unsaturated groups had allowed inferring the cross-linking evolution with dose. With this methodology, we have succeeded in quantifying the efficiency of TVs and cross-links as energy traps and, using simple models, in fully describing the evolution of all of the radiation chemical yields. Besides, irradiations were performed using either low linear energy transfer irradiations (electron beams, γ rays) or ion beams, with the objective to assess the influence of the high ionization and excitation densities induced by the latter on PE ageing and energy transfer processes.

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Chimie
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Dates et versions

hal-04552772 , version 1 (19-04-2024)

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Citer

A. Ventura, Y. Ngono-Ravache, H. Marie, D. Levavasseur-Marie, R. Legay, et al.. Hydrogen Emission and Macromolecular Radiation-Induced Defects in Polyethylene Irradiated under an Inert Atmosphere: The Role of Energy Transfers toward trans-Vinylene Unsaturations. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2016, Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 120, pp.10367-10380. ⟨10.1021/acs.jpcb.6b04503⟩. ⟨hal-04552772⟩
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