Social cognition across bipolar disorder and behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia: an exploratory study. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry Année : 2023

Social cognition across bipolar disorder and behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia: an exploratory study.

I. G. Barbosa
  • Fonction : Auteur
F. D. M. C. Leite
  • Fonction : Auteur
H. C. Guimarães
  • Fonction : Auteur
L. I. Mariano
  • Fonction : Auteur
L. B. Gambogi
  • Fonction : Auteur
A. L. Teixeira
  • Fonction : Auteur
P. Caramelli
  • Fonction : Auteur
L. C. de Souza
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

OBJECTIVES: Bipolar disorder type 1 (BD1) and behavioral-variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) share similar behavioral and cognitive symptoms, rendering the differential diagnosis between them a clinical challenge. We investigated the accuracy of social cognition (SC) measures to differentiate bvFTD from BD. METHODS: We included three groups of participants: early-onset BD1 (in remission, n=20), bvFTD (n=18), and cognitively healthy controls (HC) (n=40), matched for age, schooling, and sex. All participants underwent cognitive assessment, including the Facial Emotion Recognition (FER) and Modified Faux-Pas (mFP) tests, which assess mentalizing. RESULTS: Compared to HC, BD1 and bvFTD patients underperformed on both SC measures. BD1 and bvFTD did not differ regarding FER or mFP total scores, although patients with bvFTD had significantly higher difficulties than those in the BD1 group to detect social faux-pas (p < 0.001, d = 1.35). CONCLUSION: BD1 and bvFTD share deficits in the core SC functions. These findings should be considered in the development of tasks aiming to improve clinical differentiation between the two disorders.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
v45n2a07.pdf (116.88 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origine Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte

Dates et versions

hal-04578895 , version 1 (17-05-2024)

Licence

Identifiants

Citer

I. G. Barbosa, F. D. M. C. Leite, Maxime Bertoux, H. C. Guimarães, L. I. Mariano, et al.. Social cognition across bipolar disorder and behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia: an exploratory study.. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 2023, Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 45, pp.132-136. ⟨10.47626/1516-4446-2022-2935⟩. ⟨hal-04578895⟩

Collections

INSERM UNIV-LILLE
0 Consultations
0 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More