Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2-related and imputable deaths in children: results from the French pediatric national registry. - Université de Lille Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue World Journal of Pediatrics Année : 2024

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2-related and imputable deaths in children: results from the French pediatric national registry.

Résumé

Background Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is responsible for an important mortality rate worldwide. We aimed to evaluate the actual imputability of SARS-CoV-2 on the mortality rate associated with SARS-CoV-2-related illnesses in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Secondary objectives were to identify risk factors for death. Methods This national multicenter comparative study comprised all patients under 18 years old with positive SARS-CoV-2 polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) [acute corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) or incidental SARS-CoV-2 infection] and/or pediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome (PIMS) recorded in the French PICU registry (PICURe) between September 1, 2021, and August 31, 2022. Included patients were classified and compared according to their living status at the end of their PICU stay. Deceased patients were evaluated by four experts in the field of pediatric infectiology and/or pediatric intensive care. The imputability of SARS-CoV-2 as the cause of death was classified into four categories: certain, very probable, possible, or unlikely, and was defined by any of the first three categories. Results There were 948 patients included of which 43 died (4.5%). From this, 26 deaths (67%) could be attributed to SARS-CoV-2 infection, with an overall mortality rate of 2.8%. The imputability of death to SARS-CoV-2 was considered certain in only one case (0.1%). Deceased patients suffered more often from comorbidities, especially heart disease, neurological disorders, hematological disease, cancer, and obesity. None of the deceased patients were admitted for pediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome (PIMS). Mortality risk factors were male gender, cardiac comorbidities, cancer, and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Conclusions SARS-CoV-2 mortality in the French pediatric population was low. Even though the imputability of SARS-CoV-2 on mortality was considered in almost two-thirds of cases, this imputability was considered certain in only one case.
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Dates et versions

hal-04602209 , version 1 (05-06-2024)

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Marguerite Lockhart-Bouron, Noémie Vanel, Michael Levy, Anaïs R. Briant, Etienne Javouhey, et al.. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2-related and imputable deaths in children: results from the French pediatric national registry.. World Journal of Pediatrics, 2024, World Journal of Pediatrics, ⟨10.1007/s12519-023-00791-x⟩. ⟨hal-04602209⟩
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