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Article Dans Une Revue Philosophical Magazine Année : 2019

On the glide of [100] dislocation and the origin of ‘pencil glide’ in Mg2SiO4 olivine

Résumé

Olivine with chemical composition (Mg,Fe)2SiO4 is a silicate which is supposed to strongly constrain the flow of the Earth’s upper mantle under thermal convection. Its mechanical properties are thus of primary importance. Slip systems in olivine involve two types of dislocations with [100] and [001] Burgers vectors. In this study, we report atomistic modelling of screw dislocations with [100] Burgers vector and their intrinsic properties. We show that the [100] screw dislocation core exhibits several configurations corresponding to spreading in different planes and different relative stabilities. At low pressure, we identify a clear tendency for core spreading in (010). At higher pressure, relevant for the Earth’s mantle, we show that pressure promotes a change in core configuration with spreading into equivalent {021} planes. Based on the systematic investigation of the minimum energy path between the different configurations, we show that the variability of core structures allows complex glide paths which has been described at the macroscopic level as ‘pencil glide’. Our results suggest that the pencil glide is more efficient at high pressure.
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Dates et versions

hal-02310342 , version 1 (10-10-2019)
hal-02310342 , version 2 (10-10-2019)

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Srinivasan Mahendran, Philippe Carrez, Patrick Cordier. On the glide of [100] dislocation and the origin of ‘pencil glide’ in Mg2SiO4 olivine. Philosophical Magazine, 2019, 99 (22), pp.2751-2769. ⟨10.1080/14786435.2019.1638530⟩. ⟨hal-02310342v2⟩
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