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Semi-blind joint symbols and multipath parameters estimation of MIMO systems using KRST/MKRSM coding

Abstract : In this paper, we propose a new MIMO communication system in a time-varying multi-path environment, using a Khatri-Rao space-time (KRST) coding combined with a multiple Khatri-Rao product of symbol matrices (MKRSM). It is shown the signals received at the receiver form a tensor which satisfies a (M + 2)-order nested PARAFAC model, where (M − 1) denotes the number of symbol matrices considered for MKRSM coding. Such a generalization of the nested PARAFAC model to (M + N)-order tensors is first studied from a general point of view, with the discussion of some parameter estimation methods depending on the a priori knowledge on the model. Then, a semi-blind receiver composed of three stages, is developed for jointly estimating the transmitted symbols and the multipath parameters. In the first stage, the transmitted symbols and a matrix unfolding of the effective channel including the fading coefficients and the steering matrices, are estimated using closed-form algorithms based on Khatri-Rao factorizations. In the second one, the channel estimation is refined by means of a simplified least-squares algorithm which takes the column orthonormality assumption on the coding matrix into account. In the third one, an alternating least-squares algorithm, combined with a rectification for the Vandermonde factors containing the spatial steering vectors at the transmitter and receiver sides, is applied to estimate the multipath parameters from the estimated channel. A complexity analysis is made for the receivers, and an expected Cramer-Rao bound related to channel estimation is established. Extensive Monte Carlo simulation results show that the semi-blind receiver which combines the channel estimation refinement with the rectification technique exhibit very interesting performance.
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Soumis le : lundi 2 novembre 2020 - 11:29:41
Dernière modification le : dimanche 1 mai 2022 - 03:17:11


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  • HAL Id : hal-02985478, version 1


S V N Randriambelonoro, G Favier, Remy Boyer. Semi-blind joint symbols and multipath parameters estimation of MIMO systems using KRST/MKRSM coding. Digital Signal Processing, Elsevier, 2021, 109. ⟨hal-02985478⟩



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